Once Aryan Skynet Goes Live It Doesn't Matter Who Pulled The Switch
Owing to the work of independent investigators like Jan Irvin and Joe Atwill, many have a growing understanding of the role played by the CIA in popularizing LSD and the psychedelic counterculture. Bravely, they have acknowledged the largely Jewish origin of the MKULTRA experiments and projects of cultural distortion; but was there ever an actual Israeli component to the promotion of LSD?
The answer to this question, if one is to be had, requires that the case of pioneering acid pushers Bernard Roseman and Bernard Copley be scrutinized. One of these two mysterious figures, “LSD Before Leary” author Steven J. Novak speculates, may have been the stranger, encountered by guests at a 1962 Hollywood party, who claimed to manufacture his own brand of bootleg LSD. “His sugar cubes contained 1,000 micrograms of LSD, ten times the normal dosage,” Novak writes.1
The Associated Press, in an article titled “2 Jailed in Smuggling of Israel Drug to U.S.”, reported April 4, 1963, on the arrest of Roseman and Copley in San Francisco:
Federal officers arrested two men Wednesday and confiscated three pints of the powerful drug LSD-25 which officials said had been smuggled into the United States from Israel.
U.S. Atty Cecil Poole said the men, Bernard Roseman, 28, and Bernard Copley, 26, had been operating as the Hypnosophic Institute in Joshua Tree, San Bernadino County. […]
The two men were arrested by food and drug inspectors and customs officers in the home of an inspector who had posed as a buyer for a Chicago firm. […]
The two men had sold a 2-oz. sample of the drug to the undercover agent last February in a preliminary transaction, officers reported.
The charge placed against the men Wednesday was based on the February sale, but Poole said that the men would be indicted by the U.S. grand jury on a smuggling charge.
Poole said he was informed that the drug had been manufactured by the Wiseman [sic] Institute in Israel.
Poole also said that investigation into the past activities of the pair is being conducted by Southern California federal officers on the possibility that they might have made other sales or been working with somebody else.
The three pints of the drug, Poole said, were sufficient to make up 18,000 doses which sell from $5 to $30 a dose on the black market.2
LSD, at the time of the Hypnosophic Institute affair, was still a legal substance in the United States; the drug was, however, subject to regulation, and Roseman and Copley put themselves in jeopardy through prohibited distribution. Hoping to avoid a conviction for the smuggling charge, Roseman changed his story about the origin of his LSD, as this legal document “set out in the light most favorable to the government” recounts:
Bernard Roseman and Bernard Copley, hereinafter appellants, were charged in a nine-count indictment in the United States District Court for the Northern District of California, Southern Division, with violating 18 U.S.C. § 545, the conspiracy statute, and various sections of the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act, arising out of certain activities of the appellants concerning the drug LSD.
Counts 1 and 2 charge appellants with concealing, selling, and facilitating the transportation, concealment, and sale of LSD which the appellants knew had been imported into the United States contrary to law. Counts 3 through 8 charge appellants with selling and holding for sale LSD which had been mislabeled, misbranded or unlabeled in violation of the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act. Count 9 charged appellants with conspiracy to violate the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act.
After a waiver of jury, appellants were tried before the United States District Court. They were found guilty on all nine counts. A timely motion for a new trial was denied and appellants were sentenced as provided by law. […]
The charges in the indictment center around three sales of LSD by appellants in February, March and April, 1963. It was stipulated during the trial “that LSD is a new drug within the meaning of the Federal Food and Drug Act, and also that the LSD sold by the defendants, if it had been introduced into commercial channels covered by the Federal Food and Drug Act, was not properly labeled.” Appellants never disputed that they made the three sales of LSD. They contended, however, that the LSD sold by them originated in California and never became subject to federal regulation and that the three sales made by them did not constitute the offenses charged in the indictment even if the LSD had been transported into California from a foreign place.
The record is very lengthy and it would serve no useful purpose to attempt to set out in detail all of the testimony that was presented during the ten-day court trial. We will, however, set out in the light most favorable to the government, a short summary of some of the essential testimony presented.
In January, 1963, the defendants in Menlo Park, California, offered to sell LSD to Myron Stolaroff, who was at the time of sale and trial president of the International Foundation for Advanced Study which was conducting clinical observations of the use of LSD. Roseman at that time stated that the LSD was made in Israel and that he worked there with some chemists to help them make it. The appellants offered to sell the LSD for $600 a bottle or $5000 for ten bottles. During this meeting Roseman gave Stolaroff a sample, diluted from their concentrated supply of LSD.
On January 31, 1963, appellants met with Leo Aquino in Vancouver, British Columbia. The appellants showed Aquino a small mason jar partially full of a dark green liquid and told him it was LSD. That evening the appellants came to Aquino’s home and gave him a dose of LSD diluted in a glass of water. After drinking the liquid Aquino remained under its influence for several hours. Appellants told Aquino that they wanted to contact a Dr. MacLean to provide him with LSD. An appointment was made and appellants met with Dr. MacLean in Westminster, British Columbia, and told him they had LSD for sale which came from Israel, and asked whether he wished to purchase it.
A few days later appellants arranged with Aquino to have an “LSD session” involving a number of people, which appellants said would cost the participants $10 each. On February 4, 1963, the session was held in Vancouver, British Columbia, at which time Roseman mixed a solution of what he claimed to be LSD in water glasses, which was consumed by Aquino and others. One participant, after drinking the solution, left the house and was injured. He was brought back to the LSD party, and when a suggestion was made that medical help be obtained Copley quickly stated that “bringing a doctor at this time would result in a report and the report would implicate everybody in question and that the effects of having taken something would be clearly noticeable in all of us, and this would in turn jeopardize people’s livelihood.” On February 6, 1963, after appellants had left Vancouver by automobile and had arrived in Seattle, Washington, Roseman phoned from Seattle to Stolaroff in Menlo Park, California, inquiring as to whether he was ready to purchase LSD. Appellants then proceeded by bus to Washington and then by truck through Oregon to California. On February 8, 1963, appellants talked to Stolaroff in Menlo Park, California, and there sold and delivered to him two bottles of LSD for which they received $1200.00.
On March 29, 1963, appellants talked to Pilson, a government agent who was posing as a distributor of pharmaceuticals in San Francisco, concerning the sale of LSD. In a telephone conversation Copley told him that the supply of LSD was no problem and that what they had was the result of the labor of a group of chemists in Israel. Appellants later went to Pilson’s house, at which time they stated that they did not manufacture the LSD, but the LSD they had was smuggled into this country in high concentration.
There was a general discussion between Pilson and appellants as to the amount of LSD that he wanted to purchase, during which it was mentioned that he might want to buy from $5,000 to $10,000 worth. Pilson stated that he wanted a small sample to test first. During the conversation appellants indicated they were concerned as to how the LSD was to be distributed. Roseman stated that anyone taking LSD “especially the wrong individual might develop a psychosis and could walk through a window and not even know it.” Pilson assured appellants there would be no notoriety connected with his acquisition of the LSD. Roseman left Pilson’s house to obtain the sample and returned with it. The amount obtained was “approximately 60 milliliters, supposedly 100 milligrams per milliliter of LSD.” The sample of LSD delivered was a liquid in a glass bottle of a dark green color. When it was delivered to Pilson it did not have any label on it nor any warnings as to use, any common name, any statement of the ingredients or composition of the drug, nor any of the other markings required by the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act; nor did Pilson give them any prescription in order to procure this drug. Pilson paid to the appellants for this sample $100.00. In the course of a discussion as to whether the LSD would decompose, Roseman stated that he possessed this LSD for about three years and that he had walked around Europe with the material for about a year. When the sample had been delivered to Pilson, there was a discussion about the larger purchase. Pilson was to have the sample tested, and if it was satisfactory, he would obtain the $10,000 and they would close the large purchase on April 3rd. Pilson talked on the telephone to both appellants on April 1 and advised them that the money was being flown in to him from Chicago. Pilson asked Roseman what denominations he would like the money to be in when it was delivered, and Roseman stated “$100 bills.” Roseman stated that he was going to fly to Los Angeles that evening and pick up the $10,000 worth of LSD. On April 3 Copley telephoned Pilson and told him that the entire Los Angeles stock of LSD was in town and that he believed it was all made up in two separate portions — one of $5000 worth and another of $10,000 worth. About an hour or so after this telephone call the appellants came to Pilson’s home. Roseman had an attaché case with him. He opened this case and removed one brown quart plastic bottle and one brown pint plastic bottle, and placed them on the table, saying, “This is the material, the $10,000 worth and here is the extra five.” Pilson started to count out the money, during which time another customs agent entered the room wearing a badge and carrying a carbine, stating, “We are federal officers, hands up.” Copley grabbed the special agent’s carbine and began wrestling with him. Roseman jumped upon the special agent’s back and a scuffle ensued. Another agent entered the room and appellants were subdued.
Roseman testified to the following at his trial. He testified that the LSD was not made in Israel but was made in Los Angeles in 1960 while he was working with a Dr. Grossman, a friend of his, at the California Corporation for Biological Research. Although not a chemist, he worked with Dr. Grossman in making the LSD, at least a portion of which was made into pills.
In September, 1960, Dr. Grossman and Roseman, who had been sharing an apartment, terminated their employment at the California corporation and decided to take a trip to Europe. Roseman took the LSD in plastic bottles out near the Joshua Tree National Monument which is a considerable distance from Los Angeles and is over 3000 feet in elevation. He buried the LSD about four and a half feet below the surface of the ground and “made the place look extremely like it wasn’t dug or anything.” He put plastic containers filled with liquid and bottles filled with pills into a large jar. After he had buried the LSD, he and Dr. Grossman left Los Angeles. Dr. Grossman did not have any knowledge of his, Roseman’s burying the LSD. The two of them drove across the country to New York City where they took a ship for Rotterdam in November. They traveled through various parts of Europe and then went to Israel where they stayed about six weeks. After leaving Israel they went back to Europe. When they arrived in Zurich they separated, Dr. Grossman going back to Israel and Roseman going to Paris. Roseman returned to the United States in the fall of 1961. Thereafter, Roseman went into business in Philadelphia, got married, and in the summer of 1962 had a visit from appellant Copley. Copley and Roseman associated together for some time in the East. In the fall of 1962 Roseman and his wife drove out to California where they again met Copley. While in Southern California he went out to the Joshua Tree National Monument, dug up the LSD which had been buried there, took one of the plastic bottles of liquid LSD and kept it in his refrigerator.
Roseman did not deny in essence the testimony of the government witnesses that appellants made the sales of the LSD set out in the indictment. He did, however, contend that none of the LSD involved in these sales was imported or brought into California from a foreign place. He admitted making various statements that the LSD was imported from Israel, but he contended that this was not in fact true, and that these statements were only made as a “sales pitch.” He admitted that he and Copley had LSD in San Francisco prior to leaving for Canada and that they started the trip to Canada with the LSD in their possession. He testified, however, that on this trip they went through some redwood trees in Northern California about midnight, and they then stopped their truck and he walked “about 100 yards into a cluster of trees” and with a big tablespoon pushed away a little dirt and left a bottle of LSD under the dirt in a plastic container of about “a quarter of a quart.” They then proceeded in the truck through Oregon and Washington, and by train into Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. He contended that Aquino’s testimony that appellants had LSD in Canada is not true. He does not deny, however, that immediately upon appellants’ return from Canada they sold some LSD to Stolaroff for $100.00. Copley did not testify as a witness.
Appellants filed separate briefs in this court, in each of which they make 31 specifications of error. Among appellants’ contentions are claims that the charges in the indictment do not state public offenses, that the evidence is insufficient to sustain those charges, that there was insufficient evidence to show that the LSD was imported into the United States either from Israel or from Canada, and that there was no sufficient evidence to establish that even if the drug was brought back from Canada, it was not properly labeled. Other contentions include claimed improper procedure during the trial. […]
Whoever fraudulently or knowingly imports or brings into the United States, any merchandise contrary to law, or receives, conceals, buys, sells, or in any manner facilitates the transportation, concealment, or sale of such merchandise after importation, knowing the same to have been imported or brought into the United States contrary to law —
Shall be fined not more than $10,000 or imprisoned not more than five years, or both.
Proof of defendant’s possession of such goods, unless explained to the satisfaction of the jury, shall be deemed evidence sufficient to authorize conviction for violation of this section.
The essential elements of this charge are (1) that the appellants sold the LSD to Pilson, (2) that appellants had knowingly brought this LSD into the United States contrary to law, and (3) that the LSD was not adequately labeled, or that the LSD was a “new drug” within the meaning of 21 U.S.C. § 321(p) for which there was no effective new drug application.
As to item (1), the appellants do not deny that the sale occurred and both Pilson and Roseman testified as to its occurrence.
As to items (2) and (3), appellants specify many errors which we shall now discuss and answer. First, they contend that the evidence is insufficient to support a conclusion that the LSD sold to Pilson was brought into the United States from either Israel or Canada. There is definite evidence that appellants had LSD in California and that they had it with them when they started to Canada. There was also evidence by government witnesses that they had the LSD in Canada, and that they there gave some to Aquino to use, and that they there supplied LSD to others for use in an “LSD session.” The evidence also shows that appellants left Canada shortly thereafter, that while in Seattle they phoned Stolaroff as to whether he was ready to make a purchase of LSD, that they then proceeded through Oregon to California, and made a sale to Stolaroff of a small amount of LSD. The evidence also shows that on March 29, 1963, they sold another small portion of LSD to Pilson. It is entirely consistent with the evidence that the portion of LSD sold to Pilson was a part of the same concentrated LSD that appellants had brought to Canada and brought back with them from Canada through Washington and Oregon to California. The able and experienced district judge indicated that he did not believe the story of the midnight burial of the LSD in the redwoods, and in fact the story is so fantastic as to defy belief.
We need not consider the evidence concerning importation from Israel since we hold that the evidence amply supports a finding that appellants brought the LSD from Canada into the United States.3
Roseman and Copley were sentenced to seventeen years in prison4. Myron Stolaroff, who is named as one of the informants responsible for their arrest, was an associate of the CIA-connected network of figures including Timothy Leary, Al Hubbard, and Oscar Janiger, with whom Copley was acquainted. Tim Scully, one-time apprentice to notorious LSD chemist Owsley “Bear” Stanley, has said he is doubtful that the whole story of the underground acid industry will ever be known; but, according to his research, “Bernard Roseman believed Al Hubbard had convinced Myron Stolaroff to turn them in to the FDA.”5
Investigators at this point are presented with a number of questions. Was Roseman’s initial claim to have obtained his LSD in Israel merely an interesting “sales pitch” as he testified at his trial? If not, was the Weizmann Institute of Science indeed the source of the drug he sold? Jan Irvin and Joe Atwill, beginning with their examination of the activities of J.P. Morgan operative and Council on Foreign Relations member R. Gordon Wasson in the early promotion of what would become the psychedelic movement of the 1960s, have extrapolated the thesis that the “‘counterculture’ had been developed by elements within the U.S. government and banking establishment as part of a larger plan to bring about a new Dark Age”6, and banking connections are similarly evident in the personnel of Israel’s Weizmann Institute. One of the members of the Institute’s Board of Governors and President of the European Committee of the Weizmann Institute during this period was Sir Siegmund G. Warburg, President of S.G. Warburg & Co., which owned LSD manufacturer Sandoz7. Was the Weizmann Institute perhaps running a parallel or competing series of MKULTRA-style projects from the Jewish state – or were Roseman and Copley merely independent operators looking to make some money by bootlegging and popularizing psychedelics on their own? If Scully is correct that Hubbard wanted the pair put out of business, this would seem to suggest that their activities somehow undermined the objectives of the CIA-linked traffic in the drug.
Nationalist scholar Revilo P. Oliver, in an explanatory note he appended to the text of his 1966 speech “Conspiracy or Degeneracy”, makes the following claims:
A very small quantity of lysergic acid diethylamide tartrate is legally produced, or at least packaged, in this country by a subsidiary of Sandoz Laboratories of Switzerland, but it is sold only to licensed psychiatrists. It is now occasionally stated in the press that any competent chemist with a good laboratory at his disposal could manufacture LSD-25, if he had a supply of lysergic acid. That is true, just as it is true that the same chemist could produce heroin, if he had a supply of morphine or of opium. It is also true that a good bio-chemist, if he obtained the proper culture, could produce lysergic acid, and that in the greater part of the United States anyone can grow the papaver somniferum in his back yard and so obtain opium. Despite the possibility of domestic production, however, it is a fact that most of the heroin and most of the LSD used by addicts in this country is smuggled in from abroad.
As I stated in American Opinion in November, 1964 (see also Frank Capell’s Herald of Freedom, July 17, 1964), most of the lysergic acid diethylamide tartrate illicitly brought into the United States is manufactured in Israel. That was certainly true a few years ago and there is no reason to believe that the situation has changed. What is, so far as I know, the largest quantity of the smuggled drug obtained at one time by narcotics agents in the United States […] was definitely traced to the Weizmann Institute in Israel; see the Herald of Freedom, March 24, 1967. A narcotics agent of long experience, who, for fear of reprisals, asks not to be named, assures me that 75% of the illicit supply of LSD still originates in Israel, however it may be transshipped en route to the United States.
The words “which is imported from Israel” were, without my knowledge, deleted from the official tape recording of my speech in Boston. The reader may draw his own conclusions.8
“After the ban,” writes Carol Brightman, author of Sweet Chaos: The Grateful Dead’s American Adventure, “Owsley and Tim Scully found new sources in Israel and Switzerland.”9